In the past, fungal infections of the feet were very common, and only a few could avoid infections. Fortunately, since the 1960s and 1970s, there have been drugs that can cure patients, not just relieve the disease. However, so far, foot fungal disease is still the most common fungal skin disease, followed by ringworm.
Skin folds between the toes and the surface of the feet (especially the soles of the feet) are the most common, but in rare cases, they may even involve the hands. The emergence of hand diseases is mainly explained not by direct infection, but by the action of mycotoxins circulating in the blood. On the other hand, when scratching the sole, microorganisms will eventually fall under the nails, from where they can be transferred to other parts of the body, including. And on the scalp. People who are susceptible to fungal diseases must consider this simplest and most common way of spreading infections.
At-risk groups include athletes and people who often go to swimming pools and public showers, as well as people who do not follow basic hygiene rules.
Mycosis of the feet is caused by several parasitic fungi. These microorganisms exist in large numbers on the floors of swimming pools and saunas, as well as in public showers in sports venues. People walking barefoot in such places are just asking for infection.
The second most common mode of transmission is to wear other people's shoes, share towels and other hygiene products.
If a person has ever had a fungal disease, then re-infection is easy to happen.
Lack of proper foot hygiene to support the growth of fungus: Wear socks and boots on wet feet, re-use dirty socks, and the shoes have insufficient breathability between uses.
Mycosis of the feet manifests itself in a variety of ways. The first symptoms of mycosis may be cracking, painful or itchy blisters, diaper rash, and thickened skin (for example, corn). Then, the affected area of the skin softens, whitens, and begins to peel into flakes. Sometimes, due to bacterial infection, existing vesicles become abscesses or sores.
Itching and burning are almost persistent symptoms of athlete's foot, and sometimes patients complain of pain and unpleasant foot odor.
what can you do
If there are signs of fungal infection, you should consult a dermatologist. It is the doctor who must prescribe. We only provide general guidelines and tips.
If you are already sick, remember that mycosis of the feet is a fungal infection, and the fungus can only thrive in a humid environment. By eliminating water, these parasites can be prevented from multiplying and spreading.
Try to protect your family from infection. For this reason, please explain to them that you cannot walk barefoot in the apartment, especially in the bathroom. If you can, use the shower instead of the bathtub. After showering, be sure to treat the bathtub or shower tray and bathroom floor with disinfectant.
Before going to bed every day, wash your feet with ordinary soap and warm water to make sure your skin is not very wet and soft. Collect and wipe off any skin that has fallen off with a napkin, and make sure that none of them fall under your nails.
Use toilet paper or a hair dryer to dry your feet thoroughly, especially between the toes. Then apply an anti-fungal cream (if the blisters burst or ooze) or ointment (if the affected area is dry). Even if the external symptoms disappear quickly, continue treatment for four weeks.
If the skin is severely inflamed, do not use anti-fungal creams or ointments. Use powder in the morning. If the antifungal powder is also irritating, use starch or talc. It is also good to put this powder in your shoes every day.
Remember, antifungal ointments and ointments themselves can irritate people and should only be used on dry skin. If your feet sweat easily, do not wear shoes until you have absorbed the medicine.
It is best to wear pure cotton socks every day, preferably white. When washing, soak the socks in a solution of chlorine bleach (not soap) or boil for 10 minutes. This will kill the fungus on the clothes. Otherwise, cure is almost impossible, because reinfection will continue to occur. Shoes should also be disinfected with anti-fungal spray and then ventilated for a few days (preferably in the sun).
If your hands are affected, do not use antifungal medications before checking and diagnosing the skin. Because if there are no microorganisms, antifungal agents will be ineffective. When the disease on the feet passes, the symptoms on the hands will also disappear.
What can a doctor do
If necessary, doctors can prescribe strong and special medicines and prescribe powder mixtures to prepare foot disinfectants.
In severe cases, it is recommended to use combination therapy, which also includes physical therapy and oral medication.
If a secondary bacterial infection occurs (it can seep into the skin through cracks and wounds), your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for topical or systemic use.
Pay attention to hygiene: do not walk barefoot, especially in public showers and changing rooms, wash your feet and toes every day and dry them thoroughly, wear fresh socks every day, and ventilate your shoes between uses.
Be sure to take a shower before and after swimming in the pool. Once you leave the water, please put on rubber slippers immediately. In addition, you can consult a doctor about the use of various preventive measures.